New York, Northeast Lead Nation In ‘Outmigration’

Terence P. Jeffrey | January 27, 2015 | 12:02pm EST
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Statue of Liberty (AP Photo/Richard Drew)

( - New York State and the Northeast region led the nation in domestic net “outmigration” in the period from July 1, 2013 to July 1, 2014, according to newly released data from the Census Bureau. During the same period, Texas and the South led the nation in domestic net “inmigration.”

Domestic net outmigration is the number of residents who move out of a state or region to another part of the country minus the number of residents who move in from another part of the country. It does not include international migration—n.b. people who move into a state or region from outside the United States, or from a state or region to outside the United States.

A state or region has domestic net inmigration when the number of people moving in from another part of the country exceeds the number moving out.

From July 1, 2013 to July 1, 2014, 30 states had a domestic net outmigration and 20 states plus the District of Columbia had a domestic net inmigration.

New York State led in outmigration as a net of 153,921 people moved from the state to elsewhere in the country. Texas led in inmigration as a net of 154,467 moved into the state from elsehwere in the country.

Illinois had the second highest domestic outmigration, with a net of 94,956 leaving the state for other parts of the country and Florida had the second highest domestic inmigration with 138,546 moving to the state from other parts of the country.

The Northeast region (which includes Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania) saw a net domestic outmigration of 286,696 from July 1, 2013 to 2104.

The Midwest Region (which includes Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota) also had a net domestic outmigration. From July 1, 2013 to July 1, 2014 it saw a net movement of 182,057 people leave for other parts of the country.

The West (which includes Arizona, Colorada, Idaho, New Mexico, Montana, Utah, Nevada, Wyoming, Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington) had a net domestic inmigration of 103,464. That number was held down by California which had the fourth highest net domestic outmigration (32,090) of all states. New Mexico (14,154), Alaska (10,137), Hawaii (5,141) and Utah (1,235) all joined California as western states with a net domestic outmigration.

The South (which includes Delaware, D.C., Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virgina, West Virginia, Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas) had a net domestic inmigration of 365,289. The only two states in this region that had a net domestic outmigration were Arkansas (3,890) and West Virginia (2,749).

As the Census Bureau data shows, climate does not necessarily predict movements in the domestic population. Not all Sunbelt states had a net inflow of domestic migrants, and not all cold northeastern and Midwestern states had a net outflow. California and Hawaii had significant outflows of domestic migrants. North Dakota and Idaho had significant inflows.

The Census Bureau also calculated the rate of net domestic migration, which is the number of domestic migrants per 1,000 in average population for the year.

North Dakota had the highest rate of 12.3 followed by Nevada at 8.4 and South Carolina at 8.0. North Dakota also had the lowest unemloyment rate in the country.

Alaska had the lowest rate of domestic migration at -13.8, followed by New York with -7.8 and Illinois with -7.4.

It is also true that a state might not necessarily have negative total net migration just because it has a negative net domestic migration. International inmigration—people moving into the state from someplace outside U.S. borders—can compensate for people lost to domestic outmigration. For example, California’s net domestic outmigration of 32,090 was more than compensated for by its net international inmigration of 161,318. As a result, California had a net overall inmigration of 129,228.

Here the 20 States That Had Net Domestic Inmigration:

1-Texas (154,467)

2-Florida (138,546)

3-Arizona (41,975)

4-Colorado (40,318)

5-South Carolina (38,614)

6-North Carolina (36,257)

7-Washington (28,063)

8-Tennessee (24,511)

9-Nevada (23,623)

10-Oregon (22,670)

11-Georgia (22,106)

12-North Dakota (8,974)

13-Idaho (7,694)

14-Delaware (4,790)

15-Montana (4,550)

16-Oklahoma (4,377)

17-Alabama (2,034)

18-New Hampshire (1,117)

19-South Dakota (562)

20-Maine (531)

(The District of Columbia also had a net inmigration of 1,173.)

Here to the 30 States That Had Net Domestic Outmigration:

1-New York (-153,921)

2-Illinois (-94,956)

3-New Jersey (-55,469)

4-California (-32,090)

5-Pennsylvania (-31,448)

6-Michigan (-28,679)

7-Connecticut (-26,216)

8-Virginia (-20,400)

9-Ohio (-18,243)

10-Massachusetts (-16,354)

11-Maryland (-15,295)

12-New Mexico (--14,154)

13-Kansas (--13,804)

14-Alaska (-10,137)

15-Wisconsin (-9,931)

16-Mississippi (-9,382)

17-Missouri (-8,074)

18-Indiana (-7,849)

19-Minnesota (-6,696)

20-Louisiana (-6,085)

21-Hawaii (-5,141)

22-Arkansas (-3,890)

23-Kentucky (-3,785)

24-Rhode Island (-3,387)

25-West Virginia (-2,749)

26-Wyoming (-2,672)

27-Nebraska (-2,551)

28-Vermont (-1,549)

29-Utah (-1,235)

30-Iowa (-810)

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