The index ranks 180 countries and territories for their perceived levels of public-sector corruption through the eyes of experts and business people in those countries.
More than two-thirds of the 180 ranked countries and territories fall closer to “highly corrupt” on Transparency International’s scale than to “very clean.”
Government corruption is a main adversary to freedom, including economic freedom. In fact, one of the main costs of corruption is the loss of economic freedom—that is, the loss of the ability of individuals to decide for themselves how best to achieve their dreams and aspirations and those of their families.
Extracting arbitrary taxes, demanding bribes, or requiring payment for protection from physical harm are among the corrupt abuses by those in power that are infringements on economic freedom.
By contrast, policies that promote economic freedom are among the best ways to eliminate opportunities for these types of corrupt practices. If government officials do not have to be open about their actions, they can enrich themselves while ignoring or squelching the economic freedom of others.
That’s one reason why protections of journalistic freedom and the engagement of civil society are so important.
This year, New Zealand and Denmark ranked highest in the Corruption Perceptions Index—meaning, they were rated as the least corrupt. No surprise there, because they also score high on The Heritage Foundation’s Index of Economic Freedom.
Syria, South Sudan, and Somalia rank worst in corruption and could not even be ranked in terms of economic freedom because of ongoing violence and unrest.
Freedom from corruption is something that cannot be taken for granted if freedom is to endure.
As President Ronald Reagan often said, “Freedom is never more than one generation away from extinction.” Promoting economic freedom to prevent corruption is one of the best ways to ensure that the benefits of freedom endure for generations ahead.
Patrick Tyrrell is a research coordinator in The Heritage Foundation’s Center for International Trade and Economics.
Anthony B. Kim researches international economic issues at The Heritage Foundation, with a strong focus on economic freedom. Kim is the research manager of the Index of Economic Freedom, the flagship product of the Heritage Foundation in partnership with The Wall Street Journal.
Editor's Note: This piece was originally published by The Daily Signal.