(CNSNews.com) - Approximately 1 out of every 4 people (24.17 percent) who had a job in the Western United States in 2016 was foreign born, according to data released today by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
At the same time, about 1 in 5 jobholders (19.47) in the Northeastern United States in 2016 were foreign born, according to BLS.
Nationwide, about 1 in 6 jobholders (17.02 percent) was foreign born, according to BLS.
The nationwide unemployment rate for foreign born workers in 2016 was 4.3 percent. For native-born workers it was 5.0 percent.
The BLS counts as foreign born any person living in the United States, who was born overseas to parents who were foreign nationals. It counts as native born people who were born inside the United States or, if born abroad, had at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen.
The BLS employment data on foreign-born workers does not distinguish between people who are in the country legally and those it calls “undocumented immigrants.”
The numbers the BLS published today are annual averages for calendar year 2016 based on the Census Bureau’s monthly Current Population Survey.
In 2016, according to the Table 1 in the survey data, there were approximately 151,436,000 people employed on average. Of these, 125,657,000 (or 82.98 percent) were native born and 25,779,000 (or 17.02 percent) were foreign born.
In the West (which includes California, Hawaii, Oregon, Washington, Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming), according to Table 6 in the survey data, there were approximately 35,661,000 jobholders, on average, in 2016. These included 27,042,000 native born jobholders (or 75.83 percent) and 8,619,000 foreign born jobholders (or 24.17 percent).
In the Northeast (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania), there were approximately 27,158,000 jobholders. These included 21,870,000 native born jobholders (or 80.53 percent) and 5,288,000 foreign born jobholders (or 19.47 percent).
In the South (Delaware, the District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas), there were approximately 55,378,000 jobholders. These included 46,381,000 native born jobholders (or 83.75 percent) and 8,997,000 foreign born jobholders (or 16.25 percent).
In the Midwest (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota), there were approximately 33,239,000 jobholders. These included 30,364,000 native born jobholders (or 91.35 percent) and 2,875,000 foreign born jobholders (or 8.65 percent).
According to the BLS, foreign born workers were more likely to be employed in service and production jobs, and native born workers had higher average earnings.
“In 2016, foreign-born workers were more likely than native-born workers to be employed in service occupations (23.5 percent versus 16.5 percent); in production, transportation, and material moving occupations (14.8 percent versus 11.1 percent); and in natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations (13.6 percent versus 8.3 percent),” said the BLS release on the data.
“Native-born workers were more likely than foreign-born workers to be employed in management, professional, and related occupations (40.7 percent versus 32.2 percent) and in sales and office occupations (23.4 percent versus 15.9 percent),” said BLS.
“In 2016, the median usual weekly earnings of foreign-born full-time wage and salary workers ($715) were 83.1 percent of the earnings of their native-born counterparts ($860),” said BLS.
“The earnings of both foreign-born and native-born workers increase with education,” said BLS. “In 2016, foreign born workers age 25 and over with less than a high school education earned $489 per week, while those with a bachelor’s degree and higher earned about 2.7 times as much—$1,311 per week. Among the native born, those with a bachelor’s degree and higher earned about 2.4 times as much as those with less than a high school education—$1,253 versus $525 per week”