Commentary

Conservatives: Go to College

By Dr. Michael Coulter | March 19, 2020 | 12:10am EDT
Pictured is the Rotunda at the University of Virginia. (Photo credit: Sergio Anelli/Electa/Mondadori Portfolio via Getty Images)
Pictured is the Rotunda at the University of Virginia. (Photo credit: Sergio Anelli/Electa/Mondadori Portfolio via Getty Images)

Conservatives, don’t give up on higher education. 

That’s essentially the opposite of what conservative political activist Charlie Kirk, leader of the conservative youth organization, Turning Point USA, told a crowd of young people at CPAC, the annual Conservative Political Action Conference. Kirk’s main contentions are that college isn’t really needed for a good career and that college has radicalized youth. My advice is that it’s against the interests of conservatives to follow this advice.

Kirk told the audience that we shouldn’t ask high school students “where are you going to college” but rather “why are you going to college.” Certainly, college costs a lot, and loans for college education can be a great burden—and there are many job opportunities for those who don’t attend college. And I have no hesitation in emphatically saying that college isn’t for everyone. 

But college as an investment still makes sense for many people. According to a recent report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, those with only a high school degree made on average about $750 per week, whereas those with a college degree made around $1,300 per week. This pattern has been consistent for a long time. In fact, this phenomenon is so well known among economists that it’s known as the “college premium.” Not only are wages higher on average for college graduates, but the rate of unemployment is consistently much lower (in both boom times and bust times) for those with a college degree. 



 

There are certainly well-paying and important jobs that don’t require a college degree. And you can be a great entrepreneur without a college degree. But if you want to be a nurse or an engineer or a teacher or a doctor, then you have to go to college. For conservatives who want important positions like these that serve society and can influence the culture, you have to go to college. 

There are also many well-paying jobs—including in management and sales—for which companies simply look for someone with a degree. A college degree has become a signal (unfortunately, a very expensive signal) regarding your capacity as an employee.   

In fact, a large proportion of students are going to college for practical, career-oriented programs. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, about two million college bachelor's degrees were awarded in 2017, and about 400,000 of those were in business-related fields, 240,000 were in health-related professions, and 85,000 were in education. The category of “area, ethnic, cultural, gender and group studies,” which might be the opposite of career-oriented, lists only around 8,000 graduates in recent years. College degree programs are not entirely career-oriented, but they certainly tend that way.

Kirk’s other claim is that colleges and universities are radicalizing college students and turning them into socialists. He understandably cites the popularity of Bernie Sanders on campus, but, quite significantly, noted in that same speech that there are more Students for Trump chapters on campus than student groups for Sanders. Kirk said at CPAC, “Why is it that we continually send our most prized possession...to these universities?”

This criticism doesn’t represent the broader picture of what’s happening on college campuses. To be clear, people with college degrees tend to be more liberal, but college graduates are not uniformly liberal. The Pew Research Center has had significant surveys in which it asks about being conservative or liberal. When you compare Pew’s 2004 with 2015 surveys, there has been an increase of those with a college degree or higher who are categorized as consistently liberal. Among those with a post-graduate degree, the percentage of those who are consistently liberal increased from 19 to 31 percent, but mostly liberal decreased from 32 to 23 percent; in the same survey, the percentage of those who were consistently conservative went from 4 to 10 percent and mostly conservative went from 11 to 14 percent. From 2004 to 2015, if you put together the categories of consistently liberal and mostly liberal, the total percentage stays relatively equal around 50 percent. 

There is currently an "education gap" between the parties, but that gap isn’t as dramatic as some would have you believe. Hillary Clinton received about 57 percent of voters with a college degree and President Trump received about 36 percent, according to a post-election Pew poll of validated voters. A CNN exit poll showed an even less stark divide of 52 to 42. That gap between parties among voters with a college degree is a recent phenomenon, showing up in only 2012 and 2016. In the elections from 1992-2008, college graduates split between the parties. 

It's easy to criticize colleges for liberal activism, and campus activism can certainly be outrageous. Nonetheless, many individuals and society as a whole will be worse off if conservatives walk away from higher education.

Dr. Michael Coulter is a professor of humanities and political science at Grove City College and a contributor to the Institute for Faith and Freedom.



 

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