Stephen is editor of The Kenyan Spectator, a national weekly publishing from Nairobi. His main areas of interest are foreign relations, security and democracy as well as economy and information technology.

My Articles

July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - Amid fears that war could return to Africa's Great Lakes region following the massacre of 160 Congolese Tutsi refugees in Burundi, the African Union is pressing for the killings to be treated as a terrorist attack.AU leaders said the activities of the Burundi National Liberation Forces (FNL) rebel group, which said it carried out the attack, should be investigated under the Convention on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism.It urged all member states to impose a travel ban on FNL leaders.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - The international community has been shaken by renewed violence in Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), a West African nation that until several years ago was regarded as a haven of stability in a politically volatile region.Over the past week, government forces have carried out air attacks against rebels in the north of the country, shattering an 18-month ceasefire agreement and triggering renewed fighting.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Johannesburg, South Africa (CNSNews.com) - Zimbabwe's government has announced its intention to nationalize all remaining private-owned land, unnerving some people in neighboring South Africa as President Robert Mugabe pushes ahead with his controversial "land reform" program.Land Minister John Nkomo said the new policy was abolishing land title deeds, replacing them with 25- and 99-year government land leases for wildlife and commercial land respectively.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - Zimbabwe's government is pushing legislation designed to regulate non-governmental organizations (NGOs), but critics say the measure will severely limit the ability of religious groups to carry out crucial humanitarian and charity work.President Robert Mugabe's administration, which routinely accuses Western governments of plotting against it, argues that the proposed bill is necessary to guarantee state security.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - Sudan's pledge to end hostile military flights over the troubled western region of Darfur, a step that has brought new optimism that the deadly conflict may have seen its worst days, came just days before Khartoum was to face U.N. Security Council action.Draft peace accords signed Tuesday come less than a fortnight before a Security Council deadline for Sudan to demonstrate its commitment to ending the 21-month conflict, or face sanctions against its oil industry.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - Kenyans are crying foul over a decision by Washington to renew cautions to Americans about travel to East Africa, a move that came despite optimism here that they would be lifted, following significant improvements in security.Officials said the advisories would directly affect progress in revamping the tourism sector and the export of horticultural goods to the U.S. and Europe.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - Religious differences between Muslims and Christians will be by far the greatest challenge facing Sudan as it enters a post-conflict transitional phase, in the view of delegates to a religious organization meeting here.The level at which religious differences between the polarized communities are managed will significantly define the nation's future, experts said.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - As a deadline approaches for a decision on whether sanctions should be imposed on Sudan over the Darfur crisis, the African Union has made its position clear, warning that sanctions would be a "real disaster."Aid agencies, meanwhile, say the situation remains serious, with people fleeing the fighting in the western Sudanese region still crossing the border into neighboring Chad.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - The departure of Colin Powell as secretary of state is not expected to alter U.S. policy towards Africa but may affect the pace of the peace talks aimed at ending a two decade-long civil war between Sudan's government and southern rebels, an African foreign policy analysts said here."Both sides in the [southern] Sudan conflict respected Powell because he was not a hardliner," said Akasha Alsayyed Akasha, a Kenya-based Sudanese scholar.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - Invoking the memory of the Rwandan genocide a decade ago, humanitarian agencies are warning that ethnic cleansing of the kind that triggered the carnage in Rwanda is now taking place in Sudan's western Darfur region.There are also fears that the localized violence could upset long running efforts to negotiate an overall peace agreement to end Sudan's costly civil war.They report that Arab militias sponsored by the Islamist government in Khartoum are conducting a campaign to drive out the black population of around six million.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - With so much political violence raging on the continent, a leading analyst said African leaders would do well to adopt a common policy on peace and security.David Monyae of the department of international relations at South Africa's Witwatersrand University said a common policy would help Africa win international help and pool together the financial and manpower resources needed to resolve conflicts.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi (CNSNews.com) - With the passing this week of a United Nations deadline for Sudan to restore security to the war-torn Darfur region, Christian leaders in Africa are urging the international community to take stern action against Khartoum for failing to do so.So far, however, no Security Council action is planned, despite attempts by the U.S. and Britain to pursue a tougher line against Sudan.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - The warring parties in Sudan's 21-year-long civil war will sign a memorandum of understanding Friday, committing them to signing a comprehensive peace agreement by year's end, U.S. ambassador to the United Nations John Danforth said here Thursday.Acknowledging that there had been disappointments and delays in the past during a three-year effort to reach that point, Danforth nonetheless voiced cautious optimism.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - Two newly unveiled, Africa-driven initiatives have raised hopes here that a tragedy on the scale of the genocidal conflict which erupted in Rwanda 10 years ago this month will never be repeated.The African Union (AU) has established a peacekeeping and defense force and a court of human and people's rights, two institutions which Kenyan-based political scholar Akasha Alsayeed Akasha said constituted a significant milestone in efforts to prevent Africa's perennial civil conflicts.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - Sudanese refugees living in Kenya are optimistic that Colin Powell's visit to Sudan - the first by a U.S. secretary of state in 26 years - will place sufficient pressure on Khartoum to speed up resolution of deadly conflicts in their homeland.Powell Wednesday assessed the humanitarian situation in Sudan's western Darfur region, where the Arab government and allied tribal militia are waging a war against black African civilians.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi (CNSNews.com) - Relations between the U.S. and two African countries long identified with instability and terrorism are improving, and prospects for a more stable future in Libya and Somalia are looking better today than they have in decades.Washington and Tripoli are edging towards resumption of full diplomatic relations, while lawmakers in a new Somalia parliament are calling for America's blessing on their efforts to end 13 years of anarchy.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - The United States has urged nations meeting in Kenya to review progress in eliminating civilian landmine casualties to expand the focus to include eliminating types of mines that pose a greater risk to humanity, but are not subject to the current review.Officials representing more than 140 nations are meeting to review action on the Ottawa Convention, the treaty banning anti-personnel mines, which entered into force in 1999.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - South Africa's African National Congress (ANC) was poised Friday to win its largest majority yet, hovering just under the 70 percent mark in the country's third democratic election.With 88 percent of votes counted Friday morning, the ANC held 69.6 percent of the vote, with the opposition Democratic Alliance far behind with 12.7 percent. No other party made double figures.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - Cash-strapped African airlines are worried that they may be squeezed out of the international air transportation market because of the need for expensive security measures to protect passenger aircraft against terror attacks.The main concern for many companies is the cost of installing anti-missile defense systems on aircraft."It is expensive for Africa," said Tshepo Peege, president of the African Civil Aviation Commission (AFCAC), a body of the African Union which advises governments on aviation policy issues.
July 7, 2008, 8:15 PM EDT
Nairobi, Kenya (CNSNews.com) - Arab nations and Muslim groups have rejected any move to impose sanctions on Sudan, where U.N. officials say Arab militias responsible for atrocities against Africans are now guarding camps where displaced victims of the violence are living. The U.N. Security Council at the weekend adopted a resolution warning that it "will envisage" sanctions against the Sudanese oil industry unless Khartoum ends attacks on civilians in its western region of Darfur.