Presbyterians Voting on More Open Stance on Homosexuals
July 8, 2010Presbyterian leaders were set to vote Thursday on whether to allow their church to become one of the most gay-friendly major Christian churches in the U.S. by allowing non-celibate gays to serve as clergy and defining marriage as between "two people."
But even if they vote for both changes, it would not be a final stamp of approval for the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) and its more than two million members.
Presbyterians meeting in Minneapolis for the church's general assembly were scheduled to vote on two proposed constitutional changes. One would allow non-celibate gays and lesbians in committed relationships to serve as clergy, deacons and elders. The other would change the definition of marriage from between "a man and a woman" to between "two people."
If approved, neither would take immediate effect. Church policy requires that such changes be implemented only if a majority of the church's 173 U.S. presbyteries approve. The assembly voted two years ago to liberalize the gay clergy policy, but it died last year when 94 of the presbyteries voted against it.
Still, the proposed changes "have the potential to be historic," said Cindy Bolbach, an elder at National Capital Presbytery in Washington and the assembly's elected moderator.
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) is ranked the 10th-largest church in the U.S. with 2.8 million members, according to the National Council of Churches' 2010 "Yearbook of American and Canadian Churches." But its own media materials tout 2.1 million members.
Earlier this week, both proposed constitutional changes were approved by assembly committees. The gay clergy change passed 36-16, and the definition of marriage cleared on a vote of 34-18.
"There are still big steps ahead, but I'm feeling better about this than I ever have before," said the Rev. Ray Bagnuolo, the openly gay pastor of Janhus Presbyterian Church in New York City.
Some conservative-minded Presbyterians tried to rally opposition to the changes.
"Blurring or obscuring the clear teaching of God's Word in order to keep in step with secular laws and changing personal morals only confuses our witness and causes innumerable problems for the future," Presbyterians for Renewal, a group opposed to the changes, wrote on its website.
Messages seeking comment from leaders of Presbyterians for Renewal and Presbyterian Coalition, another conservative group in the church, weren't returned Thursday.
"Our church is divided and actions we take today at general assembly can split it even further," Donna Rivett, an elder at the Presbytery of Tropical Florida, said during assembly debate on the gay clergy policy.
Under current church policy, Presbyterians are only eligible to become clergy, deacons or elders if they are married or celibate. The new policy would strike references to sexuality altogether in favor of candidates committed to "joyful submission to worship of Christ."
A number of major Christian denominations have voted in recent years to allow non-celibate gays to serve as clergy if they are in committed relationships. Among them are the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the U.S. Episcopal Church and the United Church of Christ.
"For the Presbyterian Church to stay current and enter the next generation, they really need to let go of this debate," said the Rev. Cindi Love, executive director of SoulForce, a gay Christian group.
Love said she also believed that if the Presbyterians approve the redefinition of marriage, the church would become the largest U.S. Christian denomination to recognize marriage between same-sex couples.
A separate measure, which would also require regional ratification, would remove the threat of punishment for clergy who perform same-sex marriages in states that allow gay marriage under state law.
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