PHILADELPHIA (AP) — A Roman Catholic monsignor charged with protecting predator-priests lost a last-minute bid to have criminal charges dismissed Monday, and the first jurors were seated in his landmark case in Philadelphia.
Monsignor William Lynn had asked to have the child-endangerment and conspiracy case against him thrown out based on new evidence found in a 10th floor safe at the Archdiocese of Philadelphia.
His lawyers argued Monday that the grand jury might not have indicted Lynn if it had seen evidence that a former cardinal had aides destroy a list of accused priests that Lynn had prepared in 1994. But Common Pleas Judge M. Teresa Sarmina said it was not clear what the grand jury would have done, and she refused to throw out Lynn's case.
Now on leave, Lynn is the first U.S. church official ever charged over his administrative handling of the priest-abuse crisis. He is on trial along with Edward Avery, who has since been defrocked, and the Rev. James Brennan, who is no longer in active ministry.
Five jurors were selected throughout the day Monday. The trial is expected to last four months, so the judge will seat 12 jurors and 10 alternates.
In the predominantly Catholic city, many potential jurors have ties to Catholic schools or parishes. The Archdiocese of Philadelphia counts 1.5 million Catholics. But most in the pool said they could still be fair to both sides.
In arguing for dismissal, Lynn's lawyers referred to a memo turned over by the archdiocese this month that states that the late Cardinal Anthony Bevilacqua ordered his top aides to shred a list of 35 accused priests still in ministry in 1994 — a decade before the child abuse scandal exploded.
Lynn said he prepared the list and gave it to Bevilacqua after he became secretary for clergy in 1992 and started reviewing secret archives of priest abuse complaints. The complaints were kept in a secure room — rigged with an alarm — at the archdiocese's downtown headquarters.
Bevilacqua discussed the issue at a meeting with his two top aides and ordered all four known copies destroyed, according to a memo signed by the late Monsignor James E. Molloy, who said he shredded them, and a witness.
But a copy of the list, and Molloy's accompanying memo, were found in the locked safe at the archdiocese in 2006.
Prosecutors called Lynn's bid to have the charges dropped a "combination of the dead-guys-did-it and the I-was-only-following-orders defenses." They argued that he prepared the list not to weed out predators, but to prepare for possible civil suits.
Defense lawyers said the new evidence shows Lynn was trying to address the priest abuse problem, only to have Bevilacqua quash his efforts. They also said Bevilacqua and Molloy denied to a 2003 grand jury that they had destroyed evidence from the secret archives.
Bevilacqua died last month at age 88.
Prosecutors called the 1994 list a "smoking gun" for their side. They say it shows Lynn's deep involvement in the church child abuse conspiracy. And they argued that the safe belonged to Lynn, who left office in 2004. Lynn's lawyers argued that Molloy stashed it in the safe.
"They (the documents) show Lynn to be the most active participant in a well-orchestrated conspiracy among Archdiocese officials to cover up the sexual crimes of priests and to keep known child molesters in ministry," prosecutors wrote in a written motion.
They say the list also shows that Lynn knew co-defendant Avery was a child molester but failed to have him removed. And they say it shows that Lynn perjured himself before the grand jury.
Lynn, 61, faces up to 28 years if convicted on all counts. The archdiocese is paying for the four criminal defense lawyers advising him in court, despite the increasingly apparent complications that presents.
A gag order prevents parties in the case from commenting on the filings.
The jurors chosen Monday included a man who didn't recognize a prosecutor from their huge, long-ago graduating class at one of the city's Catholic high schools. Those who didn't make the cut included a man wearing a T-shirt mourning the loss of a now-shuttered Catholic high school; a La Salle University graduate who knows an accused priest; and a woman who put four children through Catholic schools and remains miffed over the treatment her daughter got from their parish when she married a Jew. She nonetheless felt she could serve.
"I mean there (are) plenty of priests I know that are great," the woman said.