Egyptian military head praises activist youth
CAIRO (AP) — The head of Egypt's ruling military council on Saturday praised the youth who led the uprising that toppled President Hosni Mubarak in an apparent effort to diffuse growing tensions between activists and the army.
Many protesters have grown distrustful of the military rulers who assumed control of the country after Mubarak was forced to step down more than five months ago. Critics accuse the generals of dragging their feet in bringing former regime officials to trial and purging the government of Mubarak loyalists as well as trying civilians in military courts.
The standoff came to a head late Friday in Cairo when a large group of protesters marched toward the headquarters of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces to denounce what the purported beatings of demonstrators by military forces during another rally in the city of Alexandria.
The army quickly issued a statement denying the use of violence against protesters and accusing activists of trying to divide the country. "The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces urges the public to exercise caution and not to be drawn into this suspicious plot that aims to undermine Egypt's stability," the statement said in unusually strong language.
The head of the council, Field Marshal Mohammed Hussein Tantawi, tried to soften the tone in an address later Saturday on state TV. He called the youth activists "a great product of Egyptian soil, who belong to an ancient people, adopted noble principles, confirmed their nationalistic sense and realized their responsibility as Egypt's youth to progress and make history."
He also appealed for national unity.
"Holding together our internal front and keeping it strong is a national necessity, so we can face the challenges and difficulties in the nation's path, to realize where we are going and how to move toward a safe and secure future," Tantawi said.
His remarks, which were made during a speech commemorating the anniversary of the 1952 military coup that toppled Egypt's monarchy, came hours ahead of another planned rally outside the council's headquarters to demand speedier trials for ex-regime officials, the end of military trials for civilians, the resignation of the state prosecutor and a set date for the transition to civilian rule.
Thousands marched from Tahrir Square toward the ministry of Defense, across town, chanting against the council's delay in implementing their demands.
The military council has promised to hand over power to an elected civilian government within six months. Parliamentary elections are now set for October or November, followed by presidential elections, likely next year.
Activists frustrated with the slow pace of change have continued to protest, forcing a change to the interim government and a change in the leadership of the police force. A few hundred have been camped out in Tahrir Square since earlier this month to pressure the military to bring those accused of killing the protesters during the 18-day uprising to trial.
So far, only one low-ranking policeman has been charged in absentia for killing protesters. Nearly 900 were killed in the early days of the uprising.
In an unsually strongly worded statement released on its Facebook page, the council statement accused activists of seeking to drive a wedge between the people and the military. It singled out the April 6 movement, one of the largest groups behind the protests that forced Mubarak to step down on Feb. 11.
Activists quickly rebuffed the statement with one of their own, saying the army rejects all criticism of how it is ruling the country.
Mohammed Adel, an April 6 spokesman, said "defaming" the group is reminiscent of the language used by the previous regime against its opponents. "It is the army that is driving a wedge between it and the people by accusing others of treason," he said.
Protesters in Alexandria insisted the military used force against them at Friday's demonstration.
Nour al-Zorba, a protester, said they were first attacked by men wielding knives. Protesters chased those attackers away, but then soldiers began chasing them, detaining some and beating others to the ground, he said.
A few protesters managed to enter the military headquarters and tried to speak to the site's commander.
One woman, Amira Nabil, who went inside the headquarters said she was beaten and dragged by her feet, and punched in the stomach.
Associated Press writer Sarah El Deeb contributed to this report.