Activist: Bomb hits gas pipeline in eastern Syria

By BASSEM MROUE | July 13, 2011 | 5:29 AM EDT

In this photo released by a Syrian news website Shukumaku and according to them, pro-Syrian President Bashar Assad protesters, hang Syrian flags and Assad portraits at the fence wall of the US the embassy compound as they protest against the US Ambassador Robert Ford after his visit on Friday to the Syrian city of Hama, in Damascus, Syria, Monday, July 11, 2011. A U.S. official says the Obama administration will formally protest an attack on the American Embassy in Syria and may seek compensation for damage caused when a mob breached the wall of the compound before being dispersed by Marine guards.(AP Photo/Shukumaku Syrian News Website) EDITORIAL USE ONLY

BEIRUT (AP) — A human rights activist says a bomb has damaged a natural gas pipeline in eastern Syria. It's the first attack on the country's oil industry amid a monthslong uprising against the regime.

Rami Abdul-Rahman from the London-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights says residents in the eastern province of Deir el-Zour told him the explosion occurred late Tuesday night on the pipeline in the area of Tayanah, near the border with Iraq.

He condemned the attack on Wednesday and said the nationwide protests in Syria are peaceful.

The pro-government TV station Ikhbariyeh Souriyeh said there were no casualties and that damages to the pipeline were minor.

Syria produces about 350,000 barrels of oil per day as well as natural gas.

THIS IS A BREAKING NEWS UPDATE. Check back soon for further information. AP's earlier story is below.

CAIRO (AP) — Syria came under withering international criticism Tuesday as the White House said President Bashar Assad has "lost legitimacy" and the U.N. Security Council unanimously condemned attacks on the U.S. and French embassies in Damascus.

It was a sharp escalation in pressure on Assad and a sign that the Obama administration could be moving closer to calling for regime change in Syria over the violent crackdown on a four-month-old uprising. Previously, the U.S. position on Assad was that he should lead a transition to democracy or leave.

"President Assad is not indispensable," White House spokesman Jay Carney told reporters in Washington on Tuesday. "We had called on him to lead this transition. He clearly has not, and he has lost legitimacy by refusing to lead the transition."

The Syrian Foreign Ministry condemned the U.S. comments as "provocative."

"Syria stresses that the legitimacy of its political leadership is based neither on the United States nor on others, it is exclusively from the will of the Syrian people," the statement said.

Assad has tried to crush largely peaceful protests against the government using a mixture of deadly force and promises of reform. But the revolt has only grown more defiant. Enraged by a crackdown that activists say has killed some 1,600 people, the protest movement is calling for the downfall of the regime.

Though the Syrian ruler has been shaken, he retains a base of support from the military as well as among the business elite and middle class who have benefited from his economic policies.

Tensions between the U.S. and Syria have risen sharply over the past few days.

On Monday, hundreds of regime supporters attacked the American and French embassies in Damascus, smashing windows and spray-painting obscenities on the walls.

The French Foreign Ministry said guards fired three warning shots to disperse the demonstrators, some of whom threw rocks weighing up to 4 kilograms (nearly 9 pounds). Three French Embassy employees were injured.

The attacks prompted unanimous action at the U.N. Security Council, where all 15 members condemned "in the strongest terms" the attacks against the embassies. The message was significant in part because it was endorsed by Russia and China — two countries that have threatened to veto a resolution that would condemn Syria's crackdown on demonstrators.

Syria's U.N. Ambassador Bashar Ja'afari accused the United States and France of distorting and exaggerating the facts surrounding Monday's demonstrations outside their embassies.

Nonetheless, he said Syrian law enforcement authorities "made every effort to ensure the safety of those embassies" and is committed to protecting embassies and diplomats.

The attacks on the embassies were to protest separate visits last week by the American and French ambassadors to Hama, an opposition stronghold in central Syria.

Syrian authorities called the ambassadors' visits interference in the country's internal affairs and accused the envoys of undermining Syria's stability. The regime blames foreign conspirators and thugs for the unrest, not true reform-seekers.

French Prime Minister Francois Fillon said the embassy attacks show Assad's hold on power is slipping, telling Europe-1 radio that "each passing day makes it more and more difficult" for the authoritarian leader to remain in power.

State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said the U.S. embassy in Syria was operational Tuesday and that the Syrian Foreign Ministry returned an American flag that had been ripped down.

She said six people were arrested in connection with the attack and that they should now be subject to a free, fair and transparent judicial process.

Nuland said Ambassador Robert Ford met Tuesday with Syria's foreign minister to follow up on U.S. concerns. She said a "much more collaborative tone" emerged from the meeting.

Assad's adviser, Buthaina Shaaban, took a somewhat conciliatory tone on Tuesday evening.

"They (Americans) should acknowledge that what they did angered people in the street and made Syrians feel that they were insulted," Shaaban said, referring to the ambassadors' trips to Hama.

But she added: "We, as state and people, don't want to cut relations with the United States."


AP writers Bradley Klapper in Washington, Edith M. Lederer at the United Nations, Elaine Ganley in Paris and Zeina Karam in Beirut contributed to this report.


Zeina Karam can be reached on http://twitter/zkaram